Absolute and relative dating archaeology
The name Raamses itself has also been found inscribed on a burial tomb painting from Pharaoh Amenhotep III; who ruled nearly 100 years before Ramesses II.Although the bible never specifically identifies the pharaoh of the Exodus by name, it does tell us the exact date of the Exodus.
Although the Bible does not specifically name the pharaoh of the Exodus, enough data is supplied for us to be relatively sure who he was. Before concluding that Amenhotep II was, indeed, the pharaoh of the Exodus, we will need to study further other evidence that can be presented.In I Kings 6:1 the Scriptures say: "And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month of Zif, which is the second month that he began to build the house of the Lord." One can readily see that the times for both the Exodus and the beginning of the Temple have been specifically stated in God's Word. Amenhotep's predecessor, Thutmose III, is the only pharaoh within the time specified in I Kings 6:1 who reigned long enough (54 years) to have been on the throne at the time of Moses' flight and to die shortly before his return to Egypt.Scholars have identified the fourth year of Solomon's reign as 966 B. This would make Thutmose III the pharaoh of the Oppression and Amenhotep II the pharaoh of the Exodus.And he said to his people, "Look, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we; come, let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and it happen, in the event of war, that they also join our enemies and fight against us, and so go up out of the land." Therefore, they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens.And they built for Pharaoh supply cities, Pithom and Raamses." The bible says that the Israelites built Raamses, and since Ramesses II, who ruled between 12 B.But it does not seem unusual to me that a people who had been so influenced by the one God of Moses would try to worship the God that had so convincingly defeated their gods.
A continually increasing body of evidence indicates that this cult of Aton had its beginning in the reign of Thutmose IV, son of Amenhotep II, pharaoh of the Exodus.
The first is pharaoh Amenhotep II who may have ruled from (1450-1425 B. He was the son of Thutmose III, who ruled from either (1490-1450 B. To get some clues, lets look at what the bible says about the events surrounding the life of Moses.
The first place we will start is with the date of his birth. The ruler of Egypt at this time was Pharaoh Thutmose I (1540-1504 B. The fascinating thing about his name is that if you remove THUT from his name you are left with MOSE.
Most in this group agree that the exodus occurred during the 18th Egyptian dynasty but there is some disagreement as to which pharaoh actually was in power.
Here are four articles that side with Amenhotep II. The Bible nowhere mentions the name of the pharaoh of the Exodus, but Bible students have always been curious as to who he was.
History tells us that for several years after 1445 B. Amenhotep II was unable to carry out any invasions or extensive military operations. He also concluded that the walls of the city toppled outward, which would compare favorably with Joshua .